Internet of Things / IoT, first used by Kevin Ashton in 1999, it is defined as yaygın a world-wide network of uniquely addressable objects and the communication of objects in a specific protocol with each other standart. According to this definition, each object has features that can be accessed through the mobile network. There is a fact that by 2020 there will be more than 24 billion IoT devices: the world will change more and more. What will the Internet of Things change in the next 10 years?
The worldwide digital transformation revolution!
The Internet of Industrial Objects (IIoT) transforms traditionalism and brings great opportunities by bringing the capabilities of the Internet to devices. Home, office and city life, health, personal and social sphere, transportation and logistics. With digital transformation, it is possible to develop new products and services, develop new pricing and business models, shift costs from constant CAPEX to variable OPEX, reduce costs and enable data-based agile decision-making.
In the words of professor of sociology Neil Gross, “In the next century, the planet earth will have electronic skin. People will use the Internet as a pier to support and communicate their emotions.”
In the age of Industry 4.0, major players in the market invest in data management and analysis capabilities, enhance digital culture, and reassess the management system. The biggest obstacles to keeping up with the digital transformation process are; there are instability, lack of software and data expertise, lack of digitalization experience in management, mis-identification of priorities between IT and OT, and obsolete products or services.
When the internet of things is adopted and spread, digital culture will evolve, technologies that make life easier will be included in all areas of our lives and the internet will become an efficient ecosystem.
Health sector will develop
The health sector is one of the sectors where the Internet of Things has created and will continue to create the most. Mobile applications that track health performance, smart wristbands and interconnected personal objects will reveal new health models in the future. Nurses' workforce will be reduced thanks to smart beds that inform nurses about patients. Robots that can work efficiently in the operating environment thanks to IoT sensors and advanced engineering will be able to perform flawless operations.
Traffic accidents will decrease
Thanks to IoT-based traffic management systems, vehicles will travel more easily and will not be stuck in traffic for a long time. Driverless autonomous cars will reduce traffic accidents caused by people. According to Gartner, by 2020 there will be 250 million connected cars on the roads.
Renewable energy will grow
As devices turn to green resources to conserve energy; will be able to optimize the energy system settings in real time, monitor and analyze the performance of energy consuming devices. Storage, which is the main component of renewable energy systems, can be made cost-effective thanks to the internet of objects. Thanks to smart grid systems, power will be efficiently distributed and power outages will be reduced.
Environmental pollution will be prevented, agriculture will be wise
Through the Internet of Things, pollution levels and moisture in the soil can be analyzed in seas, fields and cities. In this way, measures can be taken on environmental pollution. The Internet of Things will start a period of intelligent agriculture. Farming will use smart devices and farmers will be able to monitor the potential conditions of the crop in real time. In this way, food supply will increase, as well as contribute to the country's economy.
Shopping style will change
The spread and development of the internet led people to shop online instead of physically shopping. IoT promises to change shopping even more. With smarter devices, stores will be able to better identify purchase models and stockpiles, and consumers can easily access any product they want.
Securing data will become difficult
The Internet ecosystem developed through IoT will require further measures for data security. According to cyber security experts, the reduction of this negative impact will be possible again thanks to IoT.
By 2025, the global value of IoT technology will be $ 6.2 trillion. In general, IoT will be integrated into all aspects of life and all sectors. This will enable better monitoring, processing and control quality and will make decision-making processes faster.